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With all the battles of the British Empire – and two world conflicts – to commemorate, war memorials are common in every parish of London (there are almost 300 in Southwark alone). Much thought and care has gone into their creation, as they are often the gravestones of those with no grave.

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War Memorials 1 2 3

Imperial Camel Corps

The Camel Corps fought in the Sinai and Palestine from 1916-18, during World War I, where it lost 346 men. One of its four battalions was British, the others Australian or New Zealanders. Its saddles were made in Manchester. An odd unit, with an odd, under-scale but unique memorial.

Victoria Embankment SW1
Tube: Embankment
www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/camel-corps

Fleet Air Arm

For me, perhaps the most striking and beautiful statue in London. The figure, called Daedalus, shows a pilot bearing wings and is by James Butler RA. He is responsible for the Dolphins in Dolphin Square and also worked on the Albert Memorial renovation.

Victoria Embankment SW1
Tube: Embankment/Westminster

Merchant Seamen’s Memorial Garden

This moving spot is a memorial to the Marine and Navy dead of both world wars. The 1914-1918 memorial was designed by Edwin Lutyens. Note how many of the ships listed show only one casualty. This was a time when captains really did go down with their ship.

Tower Hill EC3
Tube: Tower Hill

Kindertransport

Unveiled in 2006, this bronze sculpture is by a former Kindertransport refugee, Frank Meisler. It bears 16 milestones, each the name of a city from where some 10,000 Jewish children fled Nazi persecution for refuge in Britain from 1938 to 1940 - most losing their parents.

Liverpool Street EC2
Tube: Liverpool Street

Southwark War Memorial

Sculptor Philip Lindsey Clark (1889-1977) was a Captain during WWI, winning a DSO, before going back to study at the Royal Academy. This work of 1924 shows a soldier tramping through mud, while reliefs on each side show a biplane dogfight and a naval battle. A weeping wife and mother decorate the reverse.
Borough High Street SE1
Tube: London Bridge

Yalta Memorial

Following a deal made with Stalin at the Yalta Conference in 1943,  two million people were forcibly repatriated to the  Soviet Union at the end  of World  War II, many to certain death. This 1986 work by Angela Conner, called Twelve Responses to Tragedy, replaces an earlier vandalised one.

Cromwell Gardens SW7
Tube: South Kensington

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