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King Henry VIII’s former tiltyard - used for jousting - is now a ceremonial space where the highlights are Beating Retreat and Trooping The Colour – both held in June, the time of the Queen’s Official Birthday. It is the formal entrance to Buckingham Palace, hence the mounted guards on permanent duty. www.householdcavalrymuseum.co.uk

Tube: Westminster/Charing Cross

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Horse Guards Parade

Cadiz Memorial

This French mortar, captured at the battle of Salamanca, was presented by Spain to mark Wellington’s lifting of the siege of Cádiz in 1812. It could throw a shell nearly five km, an unheard-of distance at the time. The ‘dragon” is based on Dante's monster, Geryon, and the ceremonial base was added in 1814 by the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich.

RND Memorial Fountain

Remembering the 45,000 casualties sustained by the commando-style Royal Naval Division in World War I, this memorial bears a verse by Rupert Brooke who died with the RND in the Dardanelles in 1915. Sir Edwin Lutyens designed this simple fountain which stood at Greenwich for some years before returning to this original site in 2003.

Guards Memorial

This work by Gilbert Ledward commemorates the five Foot Guards regiments of the 1914-1919 war. Cast from captured guns, the figures were modelled on actual Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, Irish and Welsh guardsmen. After it was damaged by WWII bombs, Ledward asked for some scars to remain unrepaired.

Lord Wolseley

This statue of Viscount Wolseley is the work of Sir William Goscombe John (1860-1952), erected as a pair with Lord Roberts here in 1920. The most popular soldier of the Victorian age, Garnet Wolseley fought in every major campaign of the era, with 'All Sir Garnet' becoming a catchphrase denoting efficiency.

Lord Roberts

Roberts was a Victorian hero after fighting the Boers in South Africa and an epic retreat in the Afghan War of 1878. His horse Volonel won two medals in Afghanistan and had a full military funeral in 1901. Sculptor Henry Bates died in poverty after financing the 10m-high original, now in Mumbai and said to be the best equestrian statue ever.

Ottoman Gun

Captured from the French at the battle of Alexandria in Egypt in 1802, this beautiful bronze 52-pounder gun was made in 1524 by ‘Murad son of Abdullah, chief gunner’. ‘They breathe... roaring like thunder.’ Look for the ornate decorated base: there is a crocodile chasing Britannia and a sphinx. A thing of beauty designed to kill.

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